8. Sınıf Evrensel İletişim Yayınları İngilizce Ders Kitabı Sayfa 85 Cevabı
1.Scan the text below. What does “tsunami” mean in Japanese? Share with your friends.5
On December 26, 2004, a huge earthquake took place off the northwest coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. The earthquake, 9.0 in magnitude, was the most powerful one to shake the Earth in 40 years. As a result of this massive earthquake, huge waves formed in the ocean. They traveled at speeds of up to 480 kilometers per hour. Within 75 minutes, they hit places as far as 600 km away, such as the coast of Africa. These giant waves affected eleven countries. Hardest hit was in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, and the Maldives. More than 300,000 people died from the disaster, half a million were injured, thousands still remain missing, and millions were left homeless. Scientists have a special name for these destructive waves. They call them by the Japanese name tsunami. “Tsu,” means “harbor” and “nami,” means “wave.” There are many reasons for tsunamis such as underwater volcanic eruptions, landslides, or even a meteor crashing onto the ocean floor, or, most common, an underwater earthquake.
Read the text and answer the questions.
1.When and where did the earthquake take place?
2.How strong was the earthquake on Richter scale?
3.What happened after the earthquake?
4.What countries did the tsunami affect
5.What was the result of the disaster?
3.Write the questions above on a separate piece of paper. Include two more questions. Go around the class. Ask and answer the questions. Ask for clarification if you don’t understand any questions.
Asking for clarification : What do you mean? I don’t understand what you have said. Can you repeat your question, please?